DESCRIBE A JOB AT A DEPARTMENT STORE

This is an English lesson where an employee describes a job they do at a department store.

You might be asked to describe the job you do for a TOEFL or IELTS talk for one or two minutes.

The content of this lesson can easily be adapted for that purpose.

The keywords of the lesson are highlighted.

This is the text of the lesson.

 

Hello everyone, my name is Chris.

I am a retail assistant in a famous department store.

You can see I am wearing a uniform.

Can you guess the name of the department store?

The store is located in the shopping mall outside of the city.

I work in the Footwear Department.

The department is located on the third floor.

You can get to the Footwear Department easily by escalator or elevator.

Restrooms are located on the same floor near to the cashier desk.

In the Footwear department, we sell shoes, boots, sandals and trainers.

Sports equipment is sold in the department next to the Footwear Department.

The store is open seven days a week (except public holidays).

Opening times are from ten in the morning until eight in the evening.

I work there five days each week.

My two days off are rotated and organized by the Staff Manager.

I have worked for the department store for nearly two years now.

It’s a tiring job, standing a lot  but I enjoy my job very much and the challenge it presents.

That’s all about me and my job.

Thank you for listening to my presentation.

DESCRIBE AN ELECTION IN YOUR COUNTRY

The topic today is to Describe an Election in your country.

The substance of this lesson can be used for preparing a one or two minute talk on IELTS or TOEFL Test.

The keywords of the text are highlighted.

An election is held every four or five years to give the citizens of a country the opportunity to vote for a representative in parliament and choose a government.

A political party competes for the right to govern by publishing a manifesto of their proposed policies which they hope will persuade the voter to vote for them when election day comes around to go to the polling station.

Each political party will undertake a campaign in their attempt to persuade the electorate.  Canvassing, door to door, is undertaken and political leaders engage in TV debates on key issues such as education, healthcare and immigration.

The right to vote is available to all citizens who are aged eighteen years or older and to both men and women.

Voting is done in secret, can only be done and is usually done in person on the day of the election at the polling station but nowadays postal voting and voting by proxy for citizens living overseas is also allowed.

The aim of the election is to establish a mandate for one political party to govern by having the majority to bring to fruition their policies according to the manifesto.

If this does not happen, then the democratic process of government is compromised.

There might be a minority government leading to a coalition or alliance with another political party and terms such as power-sharing, Hung Parliament and even Snap Election are banded about by politicians and political commentators.

A Referendum is quite different from an election.

This is when the electorate are asked to decide on a specific issue of national conscience (for example, independence for Scotland,Brexit for Britain to leave the European Union or on something as sensitive as gay marriage).

The election is conducted in defined constituencies and the elected representative (whether for the party to govern or for the opposition (sometimes also called the shadow party), will attend sessions in Parliament.

The country is run by the majority party headed by a Prime Minister who appoints ministers to the Cabinet for key roles such as Chancellor of the Exchequer to manage the national Budget, the Home and Foreign Secretary.

Members of Parliament must also make themselves available for consultation in their constituency and a particular issue might be raised in parliament itself later by the MP if it is a significant issue of public interest.

Nowadays, opinion polls prior to the election and exit polls are done on election day by the media to anticipate the outcome of the election before it is eventually declared.

The right for a citizen to vote in a national election is a very important privilege and should not be underestimated.

 

 

RHETORIC STATEMENTS AND QUESTIONS

This is an English language lesson to practice the use of Rhetoric in conversation.

There are many technical terms to describe Rhetoric but the most common one is Figure of Speech.

In the examples I am going to give in this lesson, they are a mix of Rhetoric Statement and Question.

Not all rhetoric offers contradiction.  In some of my examples, you will see it confirms and accords with the first statement.

I would encourage the student to practice both reading andf speaking the sentences to get a feel of how rhetoric is used in the English language.

None of the sentences are intended to be sarcastic, condascending or offensive to anyone.

Here goes.

  • It was a beautiful film. It looked a beautiful film.

 

  • The film was terrific, wasn’t it/ Are you kidding me?  It was terrible.

 

  • The movie was fabulous. Indeed it was.  Absolutely superb!

 

  • What was that? It sounded like an explosion.

 

  • I saw a ghost last night. You thought you saw a ghost.

 

  • I arrived to work on time. Actually, you arrived several minutes

 

  • I must go now. Of course, you must!

 

  • How are you today? I’m fine.  Can’t you see?

 

  • Are you okay. What do you think

 

  • Can you smell something? Yes dear, it’s my

 

  • How did it go on your date? It didn’t.

 

  • One day I’ll be an astronaut. In your dreams, sonny boy.

 

  • Will you marry me? I thought you would never ask.

 

  • Will you go out with me? Not even if you are the last person left on earth!

 

  • It’s not about what your country can do for you. It’s about what you can do for your  country  (famous words from J.F. Kennedy)

 

  • You are a lovely person. But I don’t love you.

 

  • He was a very brave warrior. Never a truer word has been spoken.

 

  • One small step for man. One giant leap for mankind.  (Neil Armstrong)

 

  • I like the new dress you are wearing. To tell you the truth, it’s quite old.

 

  • Are you hungry? I’m so hungry, I could eat a horse.

 

DESCRIBE MILESTONES IN YOUR LIFE

This is a two minute talk for IELTS or TOEFL to talk about Milestones to  be reached in your life.

The keyword vocabulary of the text is highlighted.

This is the text.

There are many milestones which will be reached during my life.

What are milestones anyway?

Well, they are markers of special things I will personally achieve.

As an infant, I have learnt to walk and talk, to read and write, to swim and to ride a bicycle.

As I got older, I became a scout and learnt survival skills allied with a growing sense of independence.

I could run an errand to the corner shop for my mother, take the bus to school on my own.

i could enter competitions to win prizes and trophies in sport, for singing and creating things.

It will certainly be a milestone when I graduate through the various stages of school and then University, then get my first job.

I will open my first Bank Account and do a sleepover at a friends house.

But I think it will be important to add to my experience of life by travelling overseas before deciding on a degree to study.

That might mean getting a part-time job to finance such a trip or using my initiative to fund-raise another way.

Sooner or later, i will learn to drive, pass the driving test and buy my first car.

Beyond that, i will move out from my parents home.

When the time is right, I will look for promotion in my career.

By then, I will probably be ready to settle down with a partner, start a family and buy my first house.

As i reach each milestone, I am gaining important experience of life and wisdom to make the right decisions life demands of me.

As time goes by, I will have flown on an aeroplane to a faraway destination, perhaps even on a rocket to the moon.

I will have met someone famous.

I will have sat in a rocking chair and found time to understand life and people better.

I will have done someone a good deed and be remembered for it.

I will have made a pilgrimage.

I will have done at least some, if not all, of the things on the imaginary bucket list.

Eventually, I accept that it will be time to retire from work and take it easy in my final yearts.

If there are finaL milestones, then they are surely to share with others the joy of having grandchildren and, being permitted the grace to rest in peace.

It is said that milestones are road markers and all roads lead to Rome.  In fact they do.

Milestones indeed.  Such as they are.

 

DESCRIBE A BUS JOURNEY

This is a two minute talk for IELTS or TOEFL to talk about a bus journey which you make regularly or have made at some time in your life.

Even if you do not use a bus to travel between places in your daily life, the content of the material can easily  be adapted to meet the ability of the speaker.

The keyword vocabulary of the text is highlighted.

This is the text.

I regularly travel by public bus from my home to my office.

The distance is about six miles and the journey takes twenty minutes more or less.

I find using the bus more convenient than going by car or other means of transportation.

My home happens to be on a bus route.

I wait at the bus shelter for the bus to come.

There is a timetable displayed and a bus is scheduled to come every twenty minutes.

The service is fast and reliable.

I stand in line to board the bus.

I get on the bus at the bus stop only after passsengers getting off have alighted.

I pay the correct fare to the driver who issues to me a ticket.

I am reminded by a sign that all passengers must be seated while the bus is in motion.

The bus is usually crowded in the early morning and late afternoon.

The bus is a red double-decker and I like to sit upstairs at the front.

When it’s time to get off, I must first press the bell to give a warning to the driver to stop in plenty of time..

Travelling by bus is the way to go.

DESCRIBE A KITCHEN

This is a two minute talk for IELTS or TOEFL to talk about your kitchen at home.

So here goes!

I am going to talk to you about the kitchen at my home.

I think there is a kitchen in every home and every kitchen is different in terms of style and appearance.

The kitchen is the place where food is stored, prepared and cooked.

More often than not, it’s located next to or near the Dining Room where guests can be easily served.

Every kitchen needs a cook.  I’ve heard it said that if you can’t stand the heat, get out of the kitchen.

It has also been said that too many cooks spoil the broth.

The basics of a domestic kitchen are cupboards to store food and crockery, a cooker to cook the food using either gas or electric, a work surface to work from and a sink to wash up the dirty stuff afterwards.

Then there is likely to be an oven or grill, perhaps even integrated with the cooker, a cutlery drawer, a refrigerator, a microwave and wall hooks to hang things like pots and pans, mugs and other utensils.

The refrigerator doubles up as a fridge in one section for general daily foodstuffs to be kept cool while the freezer compartment keeps foodstuffs for a longer period of time.

The cook will need an assortment of knives and a ventilation outlet.

You will also find in the kitchen a garbage bin for waste disposal, a memo board on the wall to write reminders and the daily food menu as well as a calendar.

Look out for the bread bin and a cookie jar.

You might be lucky to have space for a breakfast bar.

That’s all I have got to say about the kitchen at home.

DESCRIBE A VISIT TO A FRIEND’S HOUSE

This is a drafted script for a one to two minute IELTS oe TOEFL talk on a specific topic.

The topic is describing a visit to a friend’s house.

The student will usually be allowed to take a few brief notes about the topic once he has been informed of it.

Speaking on any topic for one or two minutes is always excellent speaking practice for a student of the English language, even if it is not an actual test or assessment.

This is the script:

When visiting my friend at his home, there is a certain protocol and etiquette to follow.

My friend lives with his siblings and parents at a house not far from me and in fact, I often go there.  Not everyday but perhaps once or twice a week and he visits my house too.

His parents are very welcoming and sometimes I feel his home is like my second home.

There are, of course, house rules which must be respected.  Every family has them to a varying degree.

It seems to me there are four things which I need to talk about as I describe a visit to my friend’s house.

The first has to be about punctuality and expected time of arrival.

In my country, it is considered very impolite to be late, especially if it is an invitation to join the family for lunch  or other special invitiation.

It is important to keep in mind that my friend and his family are the host and I am rhe guest.

On a casual visit, it may not matter at all if you are early or late but for a formal occasion, no doubt if you know you are going to be late, always text or call to your host to let them know.

Once you have arrived, it’s okay of course to address your friend by his first name or nickname but certainly not his parents.

It will be most appropriate to address them by the family name (for example, Good afternoon Mr and Mrs Jones).

You can address them as Sir and Madam but that’s way too formal and really not necessary.

The third consideration is Behaviour.

Handshakes or other informal engagements such as clench grasping or high-five/toss are done in conjunction with the polite oral introductions and you must remember again that there are house rules to be followed.

You may be expected to remove your shoes as you enter the house, wash your hands before dinner, dress appropiately and join in prayers at the dinner table, never be ungrateful for what you receive in the hospitality.

The fourth and last thing to mention is about bringing a gift for the host family.

Most of the time, this is not necessary at all but if your friend’s family have invited you to join for dinner, bringing a cake, cookies or some soft drinks would perhaps not be amiss.

The gift has not got to be a token one such as a present or in any way expensive.

A small inexpensive gift will be seen as a simple way of saying thank you for the hospitality.

I am off to visit my friend now.  We are going to do some homework together and play a computer game.

My friend’s father is picking me up.  So kind.

Next week, my friend is going to have a sleepover at my house.

That’s the end of my short speech.  Thank you.