DESCRIBE A JOB AT A DEPARTMENT STORE

This is an English lesson where an employee describes a job they do at a department store.

You might be asked to describe the job you do for a TOEFL or IELTS talk for one or two minutes.

The content of this lesson can easily be adapted for that purpose.

The keywords of the lesson are highlighted.

This is the text of the lesson.

 

Hello everyone, my name is Chris.

I am a retail assistant in a famous department store.

You can see I am wearing a uniform.

Can you guess the name of the department store?

The store is located in the shopping mall outside of the city.

I work in the Footwear Department.

The department is located on the third floor.

You can get to the Footwear Department easily by escalator or elevator.

Restrooms are located on the same floor near to the cashier desk.

In the Footwear department, we sell shoes, boots, sandals and trainers.

Sports equipment is sold in the department next to the Footwear Department.

The store is open seven days a week (except public holidays).

Opening times are from ten in the morning until eight in the evening.

I work there five days each week.

My two days off are rotated and organized by the Staff Manager.

I have worked for the department store for nearly two years now.

It’s a tiring job, standing a lot  but I enjoy my job very much and the challenge it presents.

That’s all about me and my job.

Thank you for listening to my presentation.

DESCRIBE AN ELECTION IN YOUR COUNTRY

The topic today is to Describe an Election in your country.

The substance of this lesson can be used for preparing a one or two minute talk on IELTS or TOEFL Test.

The keywords of the text are highlighted.

An election is held every four or five years to give the citizens of a country the opportunity to vote for a representative in parliament and choose a government.

A political party competes for the right to govern by publishing a manifesto of their proposed policies which they hope will persuade the voter to vote for them when election day comes around to go to the polling station.

Each political party will undertake a campaign in their attempt to persuade the electorate.  Canvassing, door to door, is undertaken and political leaders engage in TV debates on key issues such as education, healthcare and immigration.

The right to vote is available to all citizens who are aged eighteen years or older and to both men and women.

Voting is done in secret, can only be done and is usually done in person on the day of the election at the polling station but nowadays postal voting and voting by proxy for citizens living overseas is also allowed.

The aim of the election is to establish a mandate for one political party to govern by having the majority to bring to fruition their policies according to the manifesto.

If this does not happen, then the democratic process of government is compromised.

There might be a minority government leading to a coalition or alliance with another political party and terms such as power-sharing, Hung Parliament and even Snap Election are banded about by politicians and political commentators.

A Referendum is quite different from an election.

This is when the electorate are asked to decide on a specific issue of national conscience (for example, independence for Scotland,Brexit for Britain to leave the European Union or on something as sensitive as gay marriage).

The election is conducted in defined constituencies and the elected representative (whether for the party to govern or for the opposition (sometimes also called the shadow party), will attend sessions in Parliament.

The country is run by the majority party headed by a Prime Minister who appoints ministers to the Cabinet for key roles such as Chancellor of the Exchequer to manage the national Budget, the Home and Foreign Secretary.

Members of Parliament must also make themselves available for consultation in their constituency and a particular issue might be raised in parliament itself later by the MP if it is a significant issue of public interest.

Nowadays, opinion polls prior to the election and exit polls are done on election day by the media to anticipate the outcome of the election before it is eventually declared.

The right for a citizen to vote in a national election is a very important privilege and should not be underestimated.

 

 

THE WEEPING FIG – JATI WARINGIN

In Indonesia, the tree is called the Jati Waringin but it is more commonly known as the Weeping Fig.

The Weeping Fig  is a fantastic tree that attracts a large number of birds whenever it produces figs.

It is a sprawl of a tree in an urban environment where its invasive roots are hardly welcoming to its arborous hosts.

The Little Garuda has flown a long way in a short time and has found refuge here, made new friends.

Birds come for the fruit, for the insects and for the leaves to line their nests.

They spreaad the seeds onto branches of the tree where they germinate and develop.

Raptors are attracted to the swarms.

Human life passes by with total disregard and ignorance.

Except for one individual who has affinity with nature at play and knows the story of the Little Garuda.

That story is unfolding before his eyes.

Reality meets surrealism.

The succulent fig of the Waringin is the enlargement of a stem tip that becomes hollow and fleshy.

The figs are rich with starch, sugars, minerals as well as proteins and fats.

Within its cavity are tiny flowers.

The pollination of the flowers is the task of the fig wasp.

The fig wasp forces its way inside the fig to seek out the sterile gall flowers and lay their eggs.

The process of laying the eggs is coupled with the emission of pollen to the female flowers.

These tiny female flowers eventually develop into fruit.

The ripening of the fig is timed with the hatching of the wasps eggs and the maturity of the male flowers.

The male fig wasps die after mating with the female.

The female wasp is able to emerge from the fig and repeat the process.

Both the fig and the fig wasp are dependent on each other for their existence.

Without the fig plant, the wasp cannot multiply.

Without the fig wasp, the fig plant cannot form seeds.

The Jati Waringin is a truly fantastic tree.

The Little Garuda will not settle here.

This is just one short story from her youth in the journey of life.

DESCRIBE MILESTONES IN YOUR LIFE

This is a two minute talk for IELTS or TOEFL to talk about Milestones to  be reached in your life.

The keyword vocabulary of the text is highlighted.

This is the text.

There are many milestones which will be reached during my life.

What are milestones anyway?

Well, they are markers of special things I will personally achieve.

As an infant, I have learnt to walk and talk, to read and write, to swim and to ride a bicycle.

As I got older, I became a scout and learnt survival skills allied with a growing sense of independence.

I could run an errand to the corner shop for my mother, take the bus to school on my own.

i could enter competitions to win prizes and trophies in sport, for singing and creating things.

It will certainly be a milestone when I graduate through the various stages of school and then University, then get my first job.

I will open my first Bank Account and do a sleepover at a friends house.

But I think it will be important to add to my experience of life by travelling overseas before deciding on a degree to study.

That might mean getting a part-time job to finance such a trip or using my initiative to fund-raise another way.

Sooner or later, i will learn to drive, pass the driving test and buy my first car.

Beyond that, i will move out from my parents home.

When the time is right, I will look for promotion in my career.

By then, I will probably be ready to settle down with a partner, start a family and buy my first house.

As i reach each milestone, I am gaining important experience of life and wisdom to make the right decisions life demands of me.

As time goes by, I will have flown on an aeroplane to a faraway destination, perhaps even on a rocket to the moon.

I will have met someone famous.

I will have sat in a rocking chair and found time to understand life and people better.

I will have done someone a good deed and be remembered for it.

I will have made a pilgrimage.

I will have done at least some, if not all, of the things on the imaginary bucket list.

Eventually, I accept that it will be time to retire from work and take it easy in my final yearts.

If there are finaL milestones, then they are surely to share with others the joy of having grandchildren and, being permitted the grace to rest in peace.

It is said that milestones are road markers and all roads lead to Rome.  In fact they do.

Milestones indeed.  Such as they are.

 

DESCRIBE A BUS JOURNEY

This is a two minute talk for IELTS or TOEFL to talk about a bus journey which you make regularly or have made at some time in your life.

Even if you do not use a bus to travel between places in your daily life, the content of the material can easily  be adapted to meet the ability of the speaker.

The keyword vocabulary of the text is highlighted.

This is the text.

I regularly travel by public bus from my home to my office.

The distance is about six miles and the journey takes twenty minutes more or less.

I find using the bus more convenient than going by car or other means of transportation.

My home happens to be on a bus route.

I wait at the bus shelter for the bus to come.

There is a timetable displayed and a bus is scheduled to come every twenty minutes.

The service is fast and reliable.

I stand in line to board the bus.

I get on the bus at the bus stop only after passsengers getting off have alighted.

I pay the correct fare to the driver who issues to me a ticket.

I am reminded by a sign that all passengers must be seated while the bus is in motion.

The bus is usually crowded in the early morning and late afternoon.

The bus is a red double-decker and I like to sit upstairs at the front.

When it’s time to get off, I must first press the bell to give a warning to the driver to stop in plenty of time..

Travelling by bus is the way to go.

DESCRIBE A KITCHEN

This is a two minute talk for IELTS or TOEFL to talk about your kitchen at home.

So here goes!

I am going to talk to you about the kitchen at my home.

I think there is a kitchen in every home and every kitchen is different in terms of style and appearance.

The kitchen is the place where food is stored, prepared and cooked.

More often than not, it’s located next to or near the Dining Room where guests can be easily served.

Every kitchen needs a cook.  I’ve heard it said that if you can’t stand the heat, get out of the kitchen.

It has also been said that too many cooks spoil the broth.

The basics of a domestic kitchen are cupboards to store food and crockery, a cooker to cook the food using either gas or electric, a work surface to work from and a sink to wash up the dirty stuff afterwards.

Then there is likely to be an oven or grill, perhaps even integrated with the cooker, a cutlery drawer, a refrigerator, a microwave and wall hooks to hang things like pots and pans, mugs and other utensils.

The refrigerator doubles up as a fridge in one section for general daily foodstuffs to be kept cool while the freezer compartment keeps foodstuffs for a longer period of time.

The cook will need an assortment of knives and a ventilation outlet.

You will also find in the kitchen a garbage bin for waste disposal, a memo board on the wall to write reminders and the daily food menu as well as a calendar.

Look out for the bread bin and a cookie jar.

You might be lucky to have space for a breakfast bar.

That’s all I have got to say about the kitchen at home.

BETWEEN US

I do not see her from one day to the next.

All I know is that she exists.

She has her life and I have mine.  Apparently.

We live in completely different worlds but within the same house.

We have lived like this for the virtual duration of our marriage.

I met her once a long, long time ago.

It really was a long time ago.

She was young and adorable and I fell in love with her.

Sometimes I permit myself an occasonal peep at her social media feeds and wonder if this beautiful, extraordinary woman was ever, is or will ever be my wife.

There is a child between us whom she and I co-parent.

The child is fed, clothed and loved.

Our co-habitation is lived out in the environs of silent shadows on a daily basis but our paths never cross.

It is, of course, curious what brought this woman and I together in the first place and why we continue to co-habit in this way.

Divorce is not an option.

This is a marrage serving a purpose to create a perception of a happy family but those who know the players know that is not the reality.

There are bars on the windows of the home and and a high enclosing wall.

Darkness is perpetual and there are few visitors.

Words are never spoken between us.  Smartphone Text messages are rarely exchanged.

Body language speaks volumes of two people who are strangers to each other within a marriage.

This is a marriage of silence, solemnity and solittude.

Never to see her womanliness for all these years.

Never to touch or kiss.

Never to know the meaning of shared love and happiness.

Never to whisper sweet nothings in her ear or be shown gratitude for a surprise gift.

Never to know (or need to know) the timing of her menstruation.

Never to know what she is wearing or what is on her mind.

Never to taste the cuisine of her food or hear her crackle of laughter to a silly joke.

Many a time I have certainly plucked courage and tried to show conviction but i have been beaten back with fierce resistance.

There comes a time when you just accept the way things are and believe that is how things are meant to be.

But I tell you honestly.  This is a woman I love.

Now, I see a man with his arms wrapped around her and his lips pressed against hers.

I know that man.

But that man is not he who writes this now.