This is an English language lesson to explain and practice the types of Present Subjunctive.
The Present Subjunctive is mainly used to express importance and necessity.
It can also be used for exclamation.
Remember that the present subjunctive is formed by appropriate use of either a base verb or noun.
There are basically five types of present subjunctive. They are:
- hortatory (to do with time)
- command (given to a third person or plural)
- restriction (not to do something)
- deliberative (pondering the options)
- concessive (allowing something)
There are six short sentences for each type to practice.
Here goes! (A present subjunctive exclamation!)
TO DO WITH TIME
- Let us go
- Hurry up please
- Time’s up
- Wait a moment
- Time flies!
- Be on time!
COMMANDS (instructing a person or persons to do something)
- Please shut the door
- Stand in the queue
- Fasten your seatbelt
- Read the instructions
- Listen to the teacher
- Address the Court
RESTRICTIONS (expressly prohibited from doing something or having to do something)
- No parking
- You must wear school uniform
- Don’t chew gum in class
- Do not cross the white line
- Bringing a cellphone to class is forbidden
- It is not allowed to smoke here
DELIBERATIVE (for doubt, indignation, impossibility, obligation, propriety)_
- What am I to do?
- Should we shake hands?
- Are you kidding me?
- Can’t you be quieter?
- That’s impossible!
- Isn’t this your jacket?
CONCESSIVE (for the sake of argument)
- God give me strength
- Let there be light
- I admit the steak is overcooked
- Fortune favours the brave
- I concede your point
- It is true that dinosaurs are extinct
Practice speaking all of the sentences and improve your English speaking fluency.