SYMBOLS OF INDONESIA

This is an English language speech aimed at elementary school students learning English as a second language.

Good morning everyone.  First of all, I want to thank you for giving me this opportunity to address you all

The topic of my speech is is the Symbols of Indonesia.

There are many things which symbolise the nation of Indonesia.

The first symbol I am going to talk about is GARUDA.

The Garuda is a mythical bird resembling a hawk or eagle whose proportion of feathers represent the exact date of Indonesian independence.

Seventeen.  Eight.  Nineteen.  Forty Five.

There are seventeen feathers on each wing, eight feathers on the lower trail, nineteen on the upper tail and forty five feathers on the neck.

Next I will identify the KERIS as an Indonesian symbol.

The word ‘Keris’ is actually pronounced as ‘Kris’.

It is not a sword or a knife but a uniquely shaped dagger made by a specialist craftsman called an Empu and is a valued heirloom or Pusaka of the Javanese man.

The effectiveness of the Keris was once thought to be enhanced  by mixing the metal of the dagger with nickel taken from the meteorite which crashed in Prambanan in 1729.

The RAFFLESIA is certainly regarded as an Indonesian symbol along with the white jasmine and the moon orchid.

It grows in the rain forest of Sumatra and is the largest flowering plant on earth with a diamater head of upto a metre.

It gets its name from first Singapore Governor Stamford Raffles who found it in 1814.

The Rafflesia is unusual in that it does not have any leaves stems or even roots.

It is used in traditional medicine, promoted on tourist brochures and on postage stamps..

The JATI  TREE is undoubtedly a national symbol too.

Teak is much valued as as a stable woodworking product, easy to turn and shape into furniture and ornamental design.

Being the perfect wood, it combines the strength of oak and the water and insect repellent properties of western red cedar with the rot resistance of black locust trees..

The Jati teak is also used across Java in the construction of JOGLO HOUSES.

Joglo is a traditional Javanese house of an aristocrat with a large roof which slopes away from the centre of the house by a series of columns.

Some people would say it has the grandeur of a mini palace.  It is one of the most easiest icons to recognize on the Indonesian landscape.

BATIK, is traditional dress code for the Indonesian people, especially on Fridays and for special events.

The clothing has many colorful designs using a method of hot wax impressed on the fabric.

UNESCO have recognized the heritage of the Batik since 2009. and 2nd October is Batik Day in Indonesia.

Indonesia has its own unique style of entertainment with WAYANG..

Wayang is a dramatic performance using either wooden leather or shadow puppets or human performers wearing masks to tell a mythical story from the folklore of Indonesian history.

The most popular of all the stories told in Wayang is the Ramayana and the relationship of Rama and Shinta.

Now I want to mention the DURIAN.

The formidable thorn covered Durian is called the King of Fruits  and is believed by locals to be an aphrodisiac, possessed of erotic properties.

Indonesian people love eating Durian and are attracted to rather than away from its extraordinary pungent and odious smell.

Indonesia would not be Indonesia without JAMU.

Jamu is a herbal medicine made from roots, bark, flowers, seeds, leaves and fruits.

Honey, royal jelly, milk or chicken eggs.are usually added to make the taste sweeter.

The Jamu lady can be seen daily both morning and evening carrying a bamboo basket  around the local area filled with bottles of jamu on her back.

Jamu is an absolute symbol of Indonesia.

The PECI is an Indonesian symbol for sure.

It is a small round black hat work by the Indonesian man of any religion.

It was habitually worn by Indonesia’s first President, Soekarno, and has been worn by all male Indonesian Presidents since.

Finally, I must mention NUSANTARA.

I consider Nusantara a symbol of Indonesia because the word itself is taken to mean Archaepeligo and the estimated thirteen thousand islands of Indonesia make up the worlds largest archaepeligo.

There are many people who think that Indonesia should indeed be called Nusantara.

That is all from me about the symbols of Indonesia.

I hope you enjoyed my speech.   Thank you for listening.

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