This is an English language lesson about ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY and CLOSED OR OPEN QUESTIONS.
Always Never Ever Often Rarely Seldom
Usually Normally Frequently Sometimes Occasionally Once/Twice
ABOUT CLOSED AND OPEN QUESTIONS
There are two types of questions which can be asked. Closed Questions and Open Questions.
A closed question requires a simple yes or no answer and does not allow the person who replies to provide unique or unexpected answers.
An open question requires a more detailed reply.
Do you drive a car? Yes I do/No I don’t/Sometimes/Never
Do you have any hobbies? Yes I do/No I don’t/
Are you from Sumatra? Yes I am/No I’m not
Is it raining? Yes it is/ No it’s not/No it isn’t
It’s hot today, isn’t it? (question tag) Yes it is/No it’s not/No it isn’t
What kind of car do you drive? I drive a Daihatsu Zenia
Tell me about your hobbies I like swimming,watching movies and travelling
When were you born? I was born in Nineteen sixty Two (1962)
How is the weather today? The weather today is hot and humid
COMPARISON OF OPEN AND CLOSED QUESTIONS
CLOSED Do you have any hobbies?
OPEN What are your hobbies?
CLOSED Do you use public transportation?
OPEN What do you think about public transportation?
CLOSED Do you work here?
OPEN Where do you work?
CLOSED Do you smoke?
OPEN Why do you smoke?
CLOSED Do you speak English?
OPEN Why do you learn English?
CLOSED Have you ever been to America?
OPEN How was your trip to America?
CLOSED Do you think a working culture is important?
OPEN What do you think about the working culture in Indonesia?
CLOSED Do you want to eat fried rice or noodles?
OPEN What do you want to eat?
CLOSED Do you go to the cinema often?
OPEN How often do you go to cinema?
CLOSED Have you worked here for very long?
OPEN How long have you worked here?!
CLOSED Do you travel today by train?
OPEN How do you travel here today?
CLOSED Do you often go on holiday?
OPEN How often do you go on holiday?
MODEL DIALOGUE USING CLOSED QUESTIONS
Excuse me, do you speak English?
Yes I do, actually.
Are you from America?
No I’m not
So where are you from then?
I’m from Manchester England.
Do you live here?
Yes I do.
Where do you live?
I live in Sentul near to Bogor City.
Do you think a working culture is important?
Yes I do. Certainly.
What do you think about the working culture in Indonesia?
I think the working culture in Indonesia is very relaxed and flexible.
Do you have any hobbies?
Yes, quite a few to be honest.
What are some of your hobbies?
Well, I enjoy travelling, watching movies and playing badminton
Are you hungry?
Yes I am
Do you want to eat fried rice or noodles?
I’m not sure.
What do you want to eat?
I want to eat traditional Indonesian food while I am living here.
SPEAKING PRESENTATION USING ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY
Allow me to introduce myself.
My name is Kim Jones.
Thank you Mr. Paul for giving me this opportunity to speak to you in English.
Actually, I mostly speak in my native Indonesian language, so this is a rare chance to show off my English.
Today I want to talk to you about travelling with my job and to practice using and speaking adverbs of frequency.
Do you know what they are?
I am a professional person and I travel a lot with my job.
I often go overseas to other countries for business.
I usually go to the airport by taxi.
I always prepare for my business trip in advance.
However, I frequently need to re-arrange my travel plans around the working schedule of my clients and customers.
Except when I am travelling, I normally work at my office in the city.
Sometimes I go to the office by express train or by the commuter line.
From time to time, I use the Busway.
To be honest, I rarely or hardly ever use public transportation in Indonesia such as the Angkot Bus, Bajaj or Becak.
I do occasionally use gojek or uber to get to meetings quickly across the city.
Seldom am I not travelling.
My life is one of constantly being on the move.
Meeting people. Asking questions. Closed questions. Open questions. Getting answers. Producing results.
You asked me earlier – Have you ever visited Bali?
Yes I have as a matter of fact. I have visited Bali twice. Once for a holiday with my family and once for business.
Thank you very much everyone for listening to my presentation in English about Adverbs of Frequency and Travelling. Now it’s your turn!