I thought it would be interesting in this lesson to take a look at the tallest towers in the world.
There is certainly an infinite fascination in climbing the steps of a tall tower for a spectacular panoramic view.
I can still recall the ascent of many of the dark, narrow, twisting stairways which lead to the top, some as many as five hundred steps in towers such as at Cologne Cathredal in Germany.
The Tokyo Skytree is actually officially the tallest tower in the world at a height of 634 metres or 2080 feet but it is probably the psychadelic orange and white tower in Tokyo which grabs greater attention.
In modern life, we have come to understand tall towers as a man made structure for observation, satelite, radio or televison communication.
Before the advancement of technology, humans built much more modest sized look-out towers at castles and fortresses, clock towers, bell towers and lighthouses.
The Eiffel Tower in Paris France and the Statue of Liberty in New York City America are two of a kind and probably the two most famous and visited towers in the world.
In fact, both towers have a French connection.
The Statue of Liberty was a French gift to celebrate a centenary of American Independence in 1886 and a French engineer gave his name to the tower he designed to stand three years later in 1889 beside the river seine in Paris itself for the World Trade Fair.
By comparison, the Eiffel Tower is a much larger structure at 342 metres compared to the Statue of Liberty at 93 metres.
Indonesians are familiar with Monas, otherwise known as the Monument National, a symbolic tower for independence of Indonesia erected in 1961, standing gloriously at a height of 132 metres in the centre of Jakarta city with an obelisk of pure gold at the head.
When we think of towers, not necessarily tall towers, everybody has surely heard of the Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy which has been a bell tower for over seven hundred years. It is only 55 metres high but its claim to fame is due to the fact that it is five metres off perpendicular!
There are several towers in England which come to mind such as Blackpool Tower in the north west, very much modelled in 1894 on the Eiffel Tower and which rises to a height of 158 metres next to a splendid sandy beach.
You will no doubt have seen images of the Big Ben Clock Tower adjacent to the Houses of Parliament in Westminster London which is 16 storeys and 96 metres high while the nearby Nelsons Column in the middle of Trafalgar Square is a mere 52 metres high.
Just to set the record straight, the Tower of London down river from there is a building and not a tower, although the 27 metre White Tower within its environs and which gave its name to the Tower of London does count as an historic tower.
As a summary, it might be useful to make a note of the ten tallest towers in the world. They are:
- Tokyo Skytree (634m)
- Canton Tower in Guanghou China (600m)
- CNN Tower in Toronto Canada (553m)
- Ustenkino Tower in Moscow Russia (540m)
- Oriental Pearl Tower in Shanghai China (568m)
- Milad Tower in Iran (435m)
- KL Tower in Malaysia (421m)
- Tianjin Tower in China (415m)
- Central Radio/TV Tower Beijing China (405m)
- Zhongyan Tower in China (388m)
As a further summary, it might also be useful to make a note of the ten most well known towers and which may not appear to the list above for the top ten tallest towers.
- CNN Tower in Toronto Canada
- Eiffel Tower in Paris France
- Statue of Liberty in New York City USA
- Monument National (Monas) in Jakarta Indonesia
- Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy
- Big Ben Clock Tower in London England
- KL Tower in Malaysia
- Yokohama (Lighthouse0 Marine Tower in Japan (106m)
- Blackpool Tower in Lancashire England
- Tower of the Reformer in Gautemala City Central America (75m)
Enjoy the Lesson!
A lot of the information can be used for a General Knowledge Quiz about tall and famous towers.