The renaissance era was a very important period in European history and development.
It started around the fourteenth century after a thousand years of cultural stagnation and signalled the rebirth of creativty through art, architecture, science, literature, discovery and philosophy.
The renaissance era was like the spring season. Nobody can be sure when it began or ended. But we can be sure it happened
Intellectual curiosity was awakened as ancient learning from Greece, Egypt and Rome was revisited, reappraised and expanded upon.
The legacy of the once great Roman empire centred on Rome was not lost on the italian people who had not just embraced christianity but made it their base with the establishment of the Vatican City inside Rome itself.
During the renaissance era, Italy was not a unifed country but a series of powerful, rich states.
These states – Tuscany, Venice, Genoa, Lombardy but to mention a few – possessed of a common language, commendable climate, commercial stability and proximity to christianity in a spiritual and geographical sense, were the driving force of the renaissance.
For the next few centuries, renaissance, reformation and revolution would go hand in hand in the evolution process, leading eventually to the age of enlightenment and a modern era of individual freedom and democracy.
The invention of the printing press, exploration of new continents and a new system of understanding the planets in astronomy all contributed to the renaissance.
The renaissance was the era of great explorers as well as great painters and sculptors.
In the world of exploration, the names of Marco Polo and Christopher Columbus became synomyous with Gallileo.
Renaissance in the world of art centred on the Tuscan city of Florence.
The three Italians at the heart of the artistic renaissance were undoubtedly Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Michelangelo.
The Mona Lisa, the School of Athens, the Last Supper and the painting of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican City together with numerous great statues and monuments are the core masterpieces from the renaissance era the cultural tourist seeks to see today in museums across Europe.