AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE

This is the story of American Independence.
The Fourth Day of July is celebrated every year as independence day in the United States of America.
A declaration of independence from the colonial rule of Great Britain was made on the fourth day of July 1776 in Philadelphia.
The Declaration was signed by Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin among others.
Thirteen colonies along the eastern seaboard of America from New Hampshire to Georgia subscribed to the Declaration.
There were an estimated 2.5 million people living in the thirteen colonies at the time.
This new independent country was initially called the Continental Congress of the United States.
The United States was probably not founded on 4th July 1776 but on 1st March 1781 with the Articles of Confederation.
Great Britain finally accepted American independence when they signed the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
George Washington was for many years the Commander in Chief before becoming the first elected President of the United States in 1789.
It was also in 1789 that the Bill of Rights was written declaring civil rights for all American citizens.
Many Americans today regard the events of the Boston Tea Party in 1774 as the trigger for militia to take up arms and fight for independence.
It amounted to a protest against British rule and taxation. Hundreds of shipments of imported tea were dumped into Boston harbour.
In the year 1812, Francis Scott Key wrote a poem entitled ‘The Star Spangled Banner’.
Set to music, this became the American national anthem in 1931.
Only since 1936 has Independence Day been a paid and public holiday for all Americans.
The Statue of Liberty is symbolic of American independence and stands on an island on the sea approach to New York City.
It represents freedom and liberty for all American people.
Today, patriotic events, competitions and family events are organized across the United States to celebrate Independence Day.
The Fourth of July is a day of great family celebration and festivity with picnics and barbecues, concerts, parades and sporting events.
How ironic perhaps that fifty years exactly after signing the Declaration of Independence, both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson died on the fourth of July.

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